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Keywords:Amino Acid Sequence Animal Base Sequence Cell Fractionation Fungal Proteins/genetics/isolation & purification/*metabolism *Genes, Fungal Immunohistochemistry Membrane Proteins/genetics/isolation & purification/*metabolism Molecular Sequence Data Oleic Acid/metabolism Peroxisomes/chemistry/genetics/*metabolism Protein Transport/physiology Sequence Alignment Support, Non-U.S. Govt Yarrowia/genetics/*metabolism/ultrastructure 
Abstract:Peroxins are proteins required for peroxisome assembly and are encoded by the PEX genes. Functional complementation of the oleic acid-nonutilizing strain mut1-1 of the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica has identified the novel gene, PEX24. PEX24 encodes Pex24p, a protein of 550 amino acids (61,100 Da). Pex24p is an integral membrane protein of peroxisomes that exhibits high sequence homology to two hypothetical proteins encoded by the open reading frames YHR150W and YDR479C of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome. Pex24p is detectable in wild-type cells grown in glucose-containing medium, and its levels are significantly increased by incubation of cells in oleic acid-containing medium, the metabolism of which requires intact peroxisomes. pex24 mutants are compromised in the targeting of both matrix and membrane proteins to peroxisomes. Although pex24 mutants fail to assemble functional peroxisomes, they do harbor membrane structures that contain subsets of peroxisomal proteins. 
Summary:Tam,Y.Y.;Rachubinski,R.A. 2002. Mol Biol Cell. 13 
Document Reference #:10523