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Francis Martin by Webmaster Keynote speakers Rise of the Fungi 2020-01-14 13:58:46
 

keynote speaker in session 7 “Fungal genomes and taxonomy”. Title:¬†Unearthing the evolution of nutrition modes in forest mushrooms.
Francis Martin, Distinguished Research Director at the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), Head of the Cluster of excellence ARBRE and Distinguished Professor at the Beijing Forestry University, China, will be one of the keynote speakers at the Westerdijk Institute 2020 Spring Symposium ‘Rise of the Fungi’. His research focuses on understanding how fungi drive forest ecosystems through their roles in important soil processes including decomposition and nutrient turnover as well as carbon sequestration. As a general overarching goal he mentions: ‘determining whether the lifestyle of a plant-interacting fungal species can be predicted from the patterns exhibited in its genome’. In his talk at ‘Rise of the Fungi’ Martin will address mutualistic symbioses between certain trees and ectomycorrhizal fungi. He will highlight recent large scale genomic studies that have revealed the convergent evolution of ectomycorrhizal fungi, which led for example to the loss of the lignocellulose decay apparatus and the acquisition of mycorrhiza-induced small secreted proteins that facilitate interactions with plant hosts. You win some, you lose some seems to be the pattern. These adaptations suggest that ectomycorrhizal symbiosis provides a useful model to study the evolution of nutritional modes in fungi with.